Reversal of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease.
Plain language summary
Alzheimer’s disease is the third leading cause of death and is one of the most significant global healthcare problems of modern times. It leads initially to cognitive decline – inability to recall words and faces, do mental calculations, navigate on familiar routes – and eventually to complete loss of memory and ability to perform routine daily tasks. Conventional therapy focuses on single drug therapies and success with these has been limited. This case study report details the results of 10 patients experiencing differing degrees of cognitive decline and early Alzheimer’s disease. Each patient followed a personalised, multiple therapy programme for 5 months to 2 years, based on their genetics, markers for blood glucose management, lipid profile, homocysteine, Vitamin D and inflammation, amongst others. Each case reports a quantified improvement in brain function, as well as subjective improvements reported by the carers and patients. The authors call for funding for a randomised controlled trial and for early detection and treatment using a multi-faceted protocol. Nutrition Practitioners working with cognitive decline can use the case study reports to inform their testing choices and personalised nutrition and lifestyle protocols.
Alzheimer's disease is one of the most significant healthcare problems nationally and globally. Recently, the first description of the reversal of cognitive decline in patients with early Alzheimer's disease or its precursors, MCI (mild cognitive impairment) and SCI (subjective cognitive impairment), was published . The therapeutic approach used was programmatic and personalized rather than monotherapeutic and invariant, and was dubbed metabolic enhancement for neurodegeneration (MEND). Patients who had had to discontinue work were able to return to work, and those struggling at work were able to improve their performance. The patients, their spouses, and their co-workers all reported clear improvements. Here we report the results from quantitative MRI and neuropsychological testing in ten patients with cognitive decline, nine ApoE4+ (five homozygous and four heterozygous) and one ApoE4-, who were treated with the MEND protocol for 5-24 months. The magnitude of the improvement is unprecedented, providing additional objective evidence that this programmatic approach to cognitive decline is highly effective. These results have far-reaching implications for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, MCI, and SCI; for personalized programs that may enhance pharmaceutical efficacy; and for personal identification of ApoE genotype.